Informal settlements are a swift growing reality, which concerns almost all metropolitan centres. Slums, favelas, barrios, bidonvilles, villas miserias, baraccopoli, know no boundaries and make no distinctions between “North” and “South” of the world.
From 2007 a third of the world’s urban population – over one billion people – live in slums.
Today, informality is mostly a problem generating ways, styles and regimes of daily life that cannot be adapted to the globalized society of mass consumption. A society trapped in the "fatal illusion" of the economic development.
Of course, “degrowth” is a dirty word: «what it evokes is ambiguous, and furthermore is negative, which is an unforgivable thing in a society in which we must, at all costs, “think positive”. Briefly, degrowth is not sexy», wrote Latouche in 2010.